For most of us, taking a breath is just an involuntary reflex action. However, for some of them, who suffer from major respiratory illnesses, it is a major accomplishment.
The decent and apt functioning of the human respiratory system is extremely important. This is because it is through respiration that our body gets oxygen to each and every cell of our body. The respiratory system also helps in removing the wastes and infectious agents from our body. It provides our body with fresh air.
Respiratory diseases are the ones that are caused to an individual when he/ she suffers from respiration problems. That is; the person is unable to inhale or exhale air from the body properly. The study of respiratory disease is medically termed as “pulmonology” and the one who studies it is referred to as a pulmonologist or simply a respiratory medicine specialist. Common cold, pulmonary embolism, lung cancer and bacterial pneumonia all come under the category of respiratory diseases.
It is estimated that in the United States, more than 23 million people suffer from Asthma which a very commonly known respiratory disease. However, according to a recent survey, the deaths caused due to asthma have reduced tremendously. A person can suffer from asthma if he/ she is overweight, has a parent who suffers from the disease, is allergic to certain kinds of things or has had suffered from any sort of respiratory disease in their childhood. Asthma can affect anyone of any race and at any age. Nobody as of now has come up with the cure for asthma, yet, there are treatment and guidelines to keep it in control.
Benign tumors, pleural cavity diseases, pulmonary vascular diseases are also categorized as respiratory diseases. Asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema are also counted as some of the lethal respiratory diseases.
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), inflammatory lung disease, obstructive lung disease, respiratory tract infections also fall under the section of respiratory diseases.
As it is mentioned above, a lot of times the respiratory tract also gets infected resulting in to respiratory diseases.
Lower respiratory tract infection: the most common infection of the lower respiratory tract is pneumonia. It is caused by bacteria. Tuberculosis is an important form of pneumonia. Thus, if a person suffers from pneumonia, there are high chances of him/ her getting infected with tuberculosis as well.
Upper respiratory tract infection: Common cold is considered to be the most common upper respiratory tract infection of the respiratory system. Sinusitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis, pharingitis, etc also come under the pigeonhole of the upper respiratory tract infections.
If an individual goes through any of the symptoms of any sort of respiratory disease, it is recommended that he/ she should get the diagnosis done straightaway instantly. A number of tests are performed by the doctors in order to detect respiratory diseases. Some of these tests are:
Pulmonary function test;
Blood investigation/ blood test;
Computed tomography scan.